Community & Work Disparities
A Program of the ADA Participatory Action Research Consortium (ADA-PARC)

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Percentage of People with and without Disabilities who Commute by Public Transit, 2016

Use of transportation is an important indicator for community participation. Transportation has been identified as one of the biggest barriers for people with disabilities. We compared the percent of people 16 and older with and without disabilities that work and commute by public transit. We can see patterns of higher use of public transit for work with people with disabilities in the Pacific coast region (WA, CA, OR, NV), parts of the Midwest (MN, IL) and Mid-Atlantic region (NY, PA, NJ, MD). Use of public transit for work is higher among people with disabilities when compared to people without disabilities, while use of car is lower among people with disabilities when compared to people without disabilities. Higher percentage of commute by public transit and lower percentage of commute by car among people with disabilities may be due to limited accessibility and affordability of private cars and low economic status of people with disabilities. While ACS proposed targeting transportation data in future, currently, data from a limited number of cities is available. Future ACS data will allow us to track changes of public transportation use in cities that recently updated their public transit system (e.g. Chicago).

Click to skip over US state map to equivalent table

With Disabilities who Commute by Public Transit This is the first of two color coded maps of the United States.  States have been grouped into four quartile ranges. The first quartile ranges from 0.4% to 1.6% and includes the states Alabama, Arkansas, Idaho, Kansas, Maine, Mississippi, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina & Vermont.  The second quartile ranges from 1.7% to 3.7% and includes the states Alaska, Arizona, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Iowa, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Mexico, North Dakota, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, West Virginia & Wyoming.  The third quartile ranges from 3.8% to 7.5% and includes the states California, Colorado, Connecticut, Delaware, Nevada, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Utah, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin & United States.  The fourth quartile ranges from 7.6% to 40.5% and includes the states Washington DC, Hawaii, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, New Jersey & New York. With Disabilities who Commute by Public Transit Albuquerque 5.2Anchorage 4.1Asheville 4.2Austin 6.8Baltimore 22Baton Rouge 4.9Birmingham 6.6Boise 3.7Chicago 28.6Columbia 8.7Columbus 6.7Denver 11.2Detroit 13.6Fresno 2.4Gastonia 2Greensboro 4.1Houston 7.4Indianapolis 5.5Lansing 8.1Las Vegas 10Little Rock 4.1Memphis 4.1Milwaukee 13Milwaukee 13Minneapolis 22.7Missoula 6.2Montgomery 1Nashville 4.8New Orleans 10Oakland 21.4Phoenix 7.2Pittsburgh 20.5Portland 17.9Raleigh 4.3Richmond 8.8Riverside 7.8Sacramento 8.8Salt Lake City 14.6San Francisco 36.6Santa Barbara 13.2Seattle 25.6Spokane 6.5St. Petersburg 5.3Tacoma 8Tampa 3.5Tucson 8.8Tulsa 3.1Urban Honolulu CDP 13.9Washington 40.5 Without Disabilities who Commute by Public Transit This is the second of two color coded maps of the United States.  States have been grouped into four quartile ranges. The first quartile ranges from 0.4% to 1.6% and includes the states Alabama, Alaska, Arkansas, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Michigan, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, West Virginia & Wyoming.  The second quartile ranges from 1.7% to 3.7% and includes the states Arizona, Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Minnesota, Nevada, Rhode Island, Utah & Wisconsin.  The third quartile ranges from 3.8% to 7.5% and includes the states California, Connecticut, Hawaii, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Washington & United States.  The fourth quartile ranges from 7.6% to 40.5% and includes the states Washington DC, Illinois, Maryland, Massachusetts, New Jersey & New York. Without Disabilities who Commute by Public Transit Albuquerque 5.2Anchorage 4.1Asheville 4.2Austin 6.8Baltimore 22Baton Rouge 4.9Birmingham 6.6Boise 3.7Chicago 28.6Columbia 8.7Columbus 6.7Denver 11.2Detroit 13.6Fresno 2.4Gastonia 2Greensboro 4.1Houston 7.4Indianapolis 5.5Lansing 8.1Las Vegas 10Little Rock 4.1Memphis 4.1Milwaukee 13Milwaukee 13Minneapolis 22.7Missoula 6.2Montgomery 1Nashville 4.8New Orleans 10Oakland 21.4Phoenix 7.2Pittsburgh 20.5Portland 17.9Raleigh 4.3Richmond 8.8Riverside 7.8Sacramento 8.8Salt Lake City 14.6San Francisco 36.6Santa Barbara 13.2Seattle 25.6Spokane 6.5St. Petersburg 5.3Tacoma 8Tampa 3.5Tucson 8.8Tulsa 3.1Urban Honolulu CDP 13.9Washington 40.5
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Data source. 2016, American Community Survey (ACS), 5 year Estimates. Table S1811, selected economic characteristics for the civilian noninstitutionalized population by disability status.
Calculation. Number of workers aged 16 and above with/without a disability who commute by public transport divided by the total number of workers aged 16 and above with/without a disability. ACS Table S1811 provides these percentages.

Percentage of People with and without Disabilities who Commute by Public Transit by region

Click on a state to view city data.

Percentage of People with and without Disabilities who Commute by Public Transit by Region. Click on a state to view city data, where available.
RegionWith a disabilityWithout a disability
United States5.7%5.1%
Alabama0.9%0.4%
Alaska3.2%1.5%
Arizona3.7%1.9%
Arkansas1.0%0.4%
California7.2%5.1%
Colorado4.7%3.1%
Connecticut6.7%4.8%
Delaware6.1%2.7%
District of Columbia40.5%36.9%
Florida3.1%2.1%
Georgia3.1%2.0%
Hawaii8.4%7.1%
Idaho1.4%0.7%
Illinois9.5%9.2%
Indiana2.2%1.0%
Iowa3.7%1.0%
Percentage of People with and without Disabilities who Commute by Public Transit by Region. Click on a state to view city data, where available.
RegionWith a disabilityWithout a disability
Kansas1.4%0.4%
Kentucky1.9%1.0%
Louisiana2.2%1.3%
Maine0.9%0.6%
Maryland10.1%8.9%
Massachusetts9.8%10.0%
Michigan3.6%1.3%
Minnesota8.7%3.3%
Mississippi0.8%0.4%
Missouri3.2%1.4%
Montana2.2%0.7%
Nebraska1.9%0.6%
Nevada6.8%3.4%
New Hampshire1.6%0.8%
New Jersey11.8%11.2%
New Mexico2.1%1.1%
New York25.4%28.2%
Percentage of People with and without Disabilities who Commute by Public Transit by Region. Click on a state to view city data, where available.
RegionWith a disabilityWithout a disability
North Carolina1.6%1.1%
North Dakota1.8%0.4%
Ohio4.6%1.5%
Oklahoma0.9%0.4%
Oregon6.5%4.3%
Pennsylvania7.4%5.5%
Rhode Island4.0%2.7%
South Carolina1.0%0.6%
South Dakota2.3%0.4%
Tennessee1.7%0.7%
Texas2.5%1.5%
Utah4.8%2.4%
Vermont1.5%1.2%
Virginia4.9%4.4%
Washington7.3%6.2%
West Virginia1.7%0.8%
Wisconsin4.1%1.7%
Wyoming3.1%1.4%