Community & Work Disparities
A Program of the ADA Participatory Action Research Consortium (ADA-PARC)

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Percentage of People with and without Disabilities who Commute by Car, Alone, 2016

Use of transportation is an important indicator for community participation. Transportation has been identified as one of the biggest barriers for people with disabilities. We compared the percent of people 16 and older with and without disabilities that work and commute by car. Use of private car for work is lower among people with disabilities when compared to people without disabilities, while use of public transit is higher among people with disabilities when compared to people without disabilities. This higher percentage of commute by public transit and lower percentage of commute by car among people with disabilities may be due to limited accessibility and affordability of private cars and low economic status of people with disabilities.

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With Disabilities who Commute by Car, Alone This is the first of two color coded maps of the United States.  States have been grouped into four quartile ranges. The first quartile ranges from 30.3% to 67.1% and includes the states Alaska, California, Washington DC, Hawaii, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Montana, New Jersey, New York & Oregon.  The second quartile ranges from 67.2% to 73.8% and includes the states Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Maine, Nebraska, Nevada, New Mexico, North Dakota, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin & United States.  The third quartile ranges from 73.9% to 78.5% and includes the states Arkansas, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, Missouri, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, West Virginia, Wyoming & Puerto Rico.  The fourth quartile ranges from 78.6% to 86.1% and includes the states Alabama & Mississippi. With Disabilities who Commute by Car, Alone Albuquerque 71.5Anchorage 70Asheville 64.3Austin 65.9Baltimore 52.7Baton Rouge 74Birmingham 70.8Boise 69.4Chicago 45.9Columbia 65.5Columbus 68.5Denver 62.4Detroit 59.4Fresno 70.4Gastonia 70.6Greensboro 72.6Houston 67.5Indianapolis 73.5Lansing 66Las Vegas 67.4Little Rock 75.6Memphis 73.1Milwaukee 60.2Milwaukee 60.2Minneapolis 45.7Missoula 56.8Montgomery 79.3Nashville 74New Orleans 61.8Oakland 48.7Phoenix 66.6Pittsburgh 46.6Portland 51.4Raleigh 67.3Richmond 57.8Riverside 63.9Sacramento 64.1Salt Lake City 53.4San Francisco 30.3Santa Barbara 52.4Seattle 44.8Spokane 70St. Petersburg 69.6Tacoma 68.2Tampa 76.6Tucson 63.9Tulsa 72.4Urban Honolulu CDP 50.8Washington 34.4 Without Disabilities who Commute by Car, Alone This is the second of two color coded maps of the United States.  States have been grouped into four quartile ranges. The first quartile ranges from 30.3% to 67.1% and includes the states Washington DC & New York.  The second quartile ranges from 67.2% to 73.8% and includes the states Alaska, Hawaii, Illinois, Massachusetts, New Jersey, Oregon & Washington.  The third quartile ranges from 73.9% to 78.5% and includes the states Arizona, California, Colorado, Maryland, Montana, Nevada, Pennsylvania, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Wyoming & United States.  The fourth quartile ranges from 78.6% to 86.1% and includes the states Alabama, Arkansas, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New Mexico, North Carolina, North Dakota, Ohio, Oklahoma, Rhode Island, South Carolina, South Dakota, Tennessee, Texas, West Virginia, Wisconsin & Puerto Rico. Without Disabilities who Commute by Car, Alone Albuquerque 71.5Anchorage 70Asheville 64.3Austin 65.9Baltimore 52.7Baton Rouge 74Birmingham 70.8Boise 69.4Chicago 45.9Columbia 65.5Columbus 68.5Denver 62.4Detroit 59.4Fresno 70.4Gastonia 70.6Greensboro 72.6Houston 67.5Indianapolis 73.5Lansing 66Las Vegas 67.4Little Rock 75.6Memphis 73.1Milwaukee 60.2Milwaukee 60.2Minneapolis 45.7Missoula 56.8Montgomery 79.3Nashville 74New Orleans 61.8Oakland 48.7Phoenix 66.6Pittsburgh 46.6Portland 51.4Raleigh 67.3Richmond 57.8Riverside 63.9Sacramento 64.1Salt Lake City 53.4San Francisco 30.3Santa Barbara 52.4Seattle 44.8Spokane 70St. Petersburg 69.6Tacoma 68.2Tampa 76.6Tucson 63.9Tulsa 72.4Urban Honolulu CDP 50.8Washington 34.4
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Data source. 2016, American Community Survey (ACS), 5 year Estimates. Table S1811, selected economic characteristics for the civilian noninstitutionalized population by disability status.
Calculation. Number of workers aged 16 and above with/without a disability who commute by car alone divided by the total number of workers aged 16 and above with/without a disability. ACS Table S1811 provides these percentages.

Percentage of People with and without Disabilities who Commute by Car, Alone by region

Click on a state to view city data.

Percentage of People with and without Disabilities who Commute by Car, Alone by Region. Click on a state to view city data, where available.
RegionWith a disabilityWithout a disability
United States70.7%76.8%
Alabama80.9%86.1%
Alaska61.2%68.6%
Arizona70.2%77.1%
Arkansas76.7%83.2%
California65.6%74.0%
Colorado69.8%75.6%
Connecticut69.6%78.9%
Delaware74.4%81.7%
District of Columbia34.4%33.6%
Florida73.9%79.8%
Georgia74.6%80.0%
Hawaii60.8%67.2%
Idaho73.5%78.6%
Illinois67.9%73.8%
Indiana76.5%83.4%
Iowa72.6%81.2%
Kansas76.4%82.8%
Percentage of People with and without Disabilities who Commute by Car, Alone by Region. Click on a state to view city data, where available.
RegionWith a disabilityWithout a disability
Kentucky75.8%82.9%
Louisiana75.6%83.1%
Maine72.3%78.6%
Maryland67.1%74.2%
Massachusetts65.0%71.4%
Michigan73.9%83.0%
Minnesota65.0%78.7%
Mississippi78.6%85.4%
Missouri74.0%82.4%
Montana65.9%75.8%
Nebraska73.7%81.8%
Nevada71.9%78.4%
New Hampshire75.0%81.4%
New Jersey66.3%71.9%
New Mexico72.6%80.4%
New York51.2%53.1%
North Carolina77.0%81.5%
North Dakota72.0%81.1%
Percentage of People with and without Disabilities who Commute by Car, Alone by Region. Click on a state to view city data, where available.
RegionWith a disabilityWithout a disability
Ohio73.9%84.0%
Oklahoma77.3%83.3%
Oregon64.6%71.9%
Pennsylvania68.9%76.9%
Rhode Island71.4%80.4%
South Carolina78.3%83.8%
South Dakota71.6%80.2%
Tennessee78.0%83.9%
Texas74.4%80.8%
Utah68.7%76.3%
Vermont68.8%76.1%
Virginia71.5%77.9%
Washington67.7%72.6%
West Virginia74.8%82.6%
Wisconsin71.9%81.2%
Wyoming74.5%77.1%
Puerto Rico74.4%82.1%