Community & Work Disparities
A Program of the ADA Participatory Action Research Consortium (ADA-PARC)

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Percentage of People with and without Disabilities Age 18 to 64 who Do Not Have Health Insurance, 2016

Health insurance is critical for access to healthcare. An individual without health insurance is at higher risk for needing high cost emergency medical care as compared to those who have access to preventive and ongoing health care services. Access to health care therefore impacts the ability to live healthy in the community without moving into institutions, and therefore is an important indicator for community participation. This indicator and the next indicator show the percentage of people with and without disabilities who do not have health insurance. Overall, people with disabilities and older people are more likely to have insurance. While people with and without disabilities both show similar percentage ranges in lacking health coverage, there is a large difference in health coverage between the two age groups. People with disabilities for the working age group show a US average of 13.6% with a range of 3.5% in Massachusetts to 20.9% in Oklahoma, while for the senior group, people with disabilities show a US average of 0.7% with a range of 0% in Vermont to 1.9% in Nevada.

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With Disabilities Age 18 to 64 who Do Not Have Health Insurance This is the first of two color coded maps of the United States.  States have been grouped into four quartile ranges. The first quartile ranges from 3.5% to 11.3% and includes the states Connecticut, Delaware, Washington DC, Hawaii, Iowa, Kentucky, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, West Virginia, Wisconsin & Puerto Rico.  The second quartile ranges from 11.4% to 15.2% and includes the states Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Illinois, Indiana, Maine, Missouri, New Jersey, New Mexico, North Dakota, Ohio, Oregon, United States, Utah, Virginia & Washington.  The third quartile ranges from 15.3% to 18.2% and includes the states Alabama, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, North Carolina, South Carolina, South Dakota & Tennessee.  The fourth quartile ranges from 18.3% to 34.2% and includes the states Alaska, Georgia, Oklahoma, Texas & Wyoming. With Disabilities Age 18 to 64 who Do Not Have Health Insurance Albuquerque 9.9Anchorage 17.1Asheville 12.8Austin 18.2Baltimore 8.6Baton Rouge 18.0Birmingham 16.3Boise 14.9Chicago 16.1Columbia 15.3Columbus 15.1Denver 11.5Detroit 11.2Fresno 16.1Gastonia 15.6Greensboro 13.8Houston 22.8Indianapolis 15.7Lansing 10.3Las Vegas 17.9Little Rock 14.5Memphis 18.4Milwaukee 11.4Milwaukee 11.4Minneapolis 10.5Missoula 15.6Montgomery 16.7Nashville 17.8New Orleans 13.0Oakland 11.2Phoenix 13.5Pittsburgh 9.5Portland 12.3Raleigh 16.6Richmond 21.3Riverside 13.0Sacramento 10.2Salt Lake City 16.6San Francisco 7.3Santa Barbara 22.9Seattle 11.1Spokane 10.4St. Petersburg 13.4Tacoma 10.9Tampa 12.8Tucson 12.5Tulsa 24.7Urban Honolulu CDP 8.8Washington 5.1 Without Disabilities Age 18 to 64 who Do Not Have Health Insurance This is the second of two color coded maps of the United States.  States have been grouped into four quartile ranges. The first quartile ranges from 3.5% to 11.3% and includes the states Connecticut, Delaware, Washington DC, Hawaii, Iowa, Massachusetts, Minnesota, North Dakota, Pennsylvania, Vermont, Wisconsin & Puerto Rico.  The second quartile ranges from 11.4% to 15.2% and includes the states Colorado, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Michigan, Nebraska, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Virginia & Washington.  The third quartile ranges from 15.3% to 18.2% and includes the states Alabama, California, Indiana, Missouri, New Jersey, Oregon, Tennessee, United States, Utah, West Virginia & Wyoming.  The fourth quartile ranges from 18.3% to 34.2% and includes the states Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, Florida, Georgia, Idaho, Louisiana, Mississippi, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, South Carolina & Texas. Without Disabilities Age 18 to 64 who Do Not Have Health Insurance Albuquerque 9.9Anchorage 17.1Asheville 12.8Austin 18.2Baltimore 8.6Baton Rouge 18.0Birmingham 16.3Boise 14.9Chicago 16.1Columbia 15.3Columbus 15.1Denver 11.5Detroit 11.2Fresno 16.1Gastonia 15.6Greensboro 13.8Houston 22.8Indianapolis 15.7Lansing 10.3Las Vegas 17.9Little Rock 14.5Memphis 18.4Milwaukee 11.4Milwaukee 11.4Minneapolis 10.5Missoula 15.6Montgomery 16.7Nashville 17.8New Orleans 13.0Oakland 11.2Phoenix 13.5Pittsburgh 9.5Portland 12.3Raleigh 16.6Richmond 21.3Riverside 13.0Sacramento 10.2Salt Lake City 16.6San Francisco 7.3Santa Barbara 22.9Seattle 11.1Spokane 10.4St. Petersburg 13.4Tacoma 10.9Tampa 12.8Tucson 12.5Tulsa 24.7Urban Honolulu CDP 8.8Washington 5.1
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Data source. 2016, American Community Survey (ACS), 5 year Estimates. Table B18135, age by disability status by health insurance coverage status.
Calculation. Divided people with /without disabilities without any health insurance (aged 18 to 64) by the total population of people with/without disabilities (aged 18 to 64).

Percentage of People with and without Disabilities Age 18 to 64 who Do Not Have Health Insurance by region

Click on a state to view city data.

Percentage of People with and without Disabilities Age 18 to 64 who Do Not Have Health Insurance by Region. Click on a state to view city data, where available.
RegionWith a disabilityWithout a disability
United States13.6%16.7%
Alabama15.3%17.8%
Alaska20.8%21.5%
Arizona12.7%19.2%
Arkansas14.2%19.1%
California12.4%18.0%
Colorado12.2%14.8%
Connecticut7.8%10.1%
Delaware7.7%10.7%
District of Columbia5.1%6.8%
Florida17.8%24.3%
Georgia19.7%22.2%
Hawaii6.5%7.4%
Idaho17.7%19.7%
Illinois12.0%14.3%
Indiana14.3%15.9%
Iowa8.3%9.1%
Kansas15.3%14.8%
Percentage of People with and without Disabilities Age 18 to 64 who Do Not Have Health Insurance by Region. Click on a state to view city data, where available.
RegionWith a disabilityWithout a disability
Kentucky11.2%14.1%
Louisiana17.3%21.3%
Maine11.4%13.7%
Maryland8.3%11.5%
Massachusetts3.5%4.6%
Michigan9.7%12.5%
Minnesota7.3%8.2%
Mississippi18.1%22.2%
Missouri15.1%16.0%
Montana17.2%19.5%
Nebraska15.4%13.4%
Nevada17.9%21.7%
New Hampshire11.3%12.1%
New Jersey12.0%15.3%
New Mexico13.4%21.8%
New York7.0%12.6%
North Carolina16.9%19.4%
North Dakota12.3%10.7%
Percentage of People with and without Disabilities Age 18 to 64 who Do Not Have Health Insurance by Region. Click on a state to view city data, where available.
RegionWith a disabilityWithout a disability
Ohio11.7%11.9%
Oklahoma20.9%22.3%
Oregon12.7%15.3%
Pennsylvania9.3%11.2%
Rhode Island8.0%11.6%
South Carolina17.2%19.6%
South Dakota16.8%14.4%
Tennessee16.4%17.1%
Texas20.8%26.8%
Utah14.3%15.8%
Vermont5.0%7.9%
Virginia15.2%14.7%
Washington11.5%14.2%
West Virginia10.3%15.3%
Wisconsin9.1%10.0%
Wyoming19.4%17.4%
Puerto Rico5.6%9.8%