Community & Work Disparities
A Program of the ADA Participatory Action Research Consortium (ADA-PARC)

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Percentage of People with Disabilities Living in an Institution, 2012 to 16

We can understand whether people with disabilities are living at home and in their community by looking at data on whether such persons live in institutions or not. This is important because Medicaid, the healthcare program for people who are poor and have a disability, ordinarily pays for persons who meet certain disability criteria to live in an institution such as a nursing home but not necessarily to live at home. To find out the percentage of persons with disabilities living in an institution by state, we use the American Community Survey which is an ongoing statistical survey conducted by the US Census Bureau that samples a small percentage of the population annually. This measure allows us to know which states are doing well in helping to keep persons with a disability out of institution and at home and in the community. Average state percentages from 2012 to 2016 of people with disabilities living in institutions ranged from 3.2% for Nevada to 8.6% (North Dakota). Many western and southern states have lower percentages of persons with a disability living in institutions. Statewide comparisons are useful because states with lower percentages may have policies in place that help more persons with disabilities stay at home and in the community and out of institutions compared to other states.

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Percentage of People with Disabilities Living in an Institution Color coded map of the United States.  States have been grouped into four quartile ranges. The first quartile ranges from 3.2% to 4.1% and includes the states Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Hawaii, Idaho, Michigan, Nevada, New Mexico, Oregon, South Carolina, Utah, Washington & West Virginia.  The second quartile ranges from 4.2% to 5.0% and includes the states Arkansas, California, Florida, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, North Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, Virginia & Wyoming.  The third quartile ranges from 5.1% to 6.8% and includes the states Colorado, Delaware, Washington DC, Illinois, Indiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Texas, United States & Wisconsin.  The fourth quartile ranges from 6.9% to 8.6% and includes the states Connecticut, Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska, North Dakota, Rhode Island & South Dakota. Alaska, 3.7% Alabama, 4.1% Arkansas, 4.6% Arizona, 3.3% California, 4.2% Colorado, 5.5% Connecticut, 7.3% Washington DC, 5.4% Delaware, 5.1% Florida, 4.4% Georgia, 4.4% Hawaii, 4.0% Iowa, 7.7% Idaho, 4.1% Illinois, 6.7% Indiana, 5.9% Kansas, 6.9% Kentucky, 4.8% Louisiana, 5.0% Massachusetts, 6.2% Maryland, 5.5% Maine, 4.4% Michigan, 4.1% Minnesota, 6.3% Missouri, 6.5% Mississippi, 5.1% Montana, 5.2% North Carolina, 4.5% North Dakota, 8.6% Nebraska, 7.2% New Hampshire, 5.8% New Jersey, 5.7% New Mexico, 3.4% Nevada, 3.2% New York, 6.1% Ohio, 6.1% Oklahoma, 5.2% Oregon, 3.4% Pennsylvania, 6.5% Rhode Island, 6.9% South Carolina, 3.9% South Dakota, 8.2% Tennessee, 4.5% Texas, 5.2% Utah, 3.7% Virginia, 4.6% Vermont, 4.7% Wisconsin, 5.7% West Virginia, 4.1% Wyoming, 4.7%
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Data source. 2012 to 16, Characteristics of the group quarters population in the United States, 2012 to 2016 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. Table S2601A
Calculation. Number of people with a disability living in an institution divided by the total number of people with any disability.
Note. Institutions include: Nursing homes, hospital facilities, and correctional and juvenile institutions.

Percentage of People with Disabilities Living in an Institution by region

Percentage of People with Disabilities Living in an Institution by Region
RegionPeople with Disabilities Living in an Institution
United States5.1%
Alabama4.1%
Alaska3.7%
Arizona3.3%
Arkansas4.6%
California4.2%
Colorado5.5%
Connecticut7.3%
Delaware5.1%
District of Columbia5.4%
Florida4.4%
Georgia4.4%
Hawaii4.0%
Idaho4.1%
Illinois6.7%
Indiana5.9%
Iowa7.7%
Percentage of People with Disabilities Living in an Institution by Region
RegionPeople with Disabilities Living in an Institution
Kansas6.9%
Kentucky4.8%
Louisiana5.0%
Maine4.4%
Maryland5.5%
Massachusetts6.2%
Michigan4.1%
Minnesota6.3%
Mississippi5.1%
Missouri6.5%
Montana5.2%
Nebraska7.2%
Nevada3.2%
New Hampshire5.8%
New Jersey5.7%
New Mexico3.4%
New York6.1%
Percentage of People with Disabilities Living in an Institution by Region
RegionPeople with Disabilities Living in an Institution
North Carolina4.5%
North Dakota8.6%
Ohio6.1%
Oklahoma5.2%
Oregon3.4%
Pennsylvania6.5%
Rhode Island6.9%
South Carolina3.9%
South Dakota8.2%
Tennessee4.5%
Texas5.2%
Utah3.7%
Vermont4.7%
Virginia 4.6%
Washington 3.6%
West Virginia 4.1%
Wisconsin5.7%
Wyoming4.7%